⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ Chief Tecumseh: The Mistreatment Of Native Americans

Thursday, July 01, 2021 3:50:04 AM

Chief Tecumseh: The Mistreatment Of Native Americans



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Chiefs: Part 1 - Documentary

Prior to passage of the act, nearly two-thirds of Native Americans were already U. He was very influential in the Senate. In he ran as the vice-presidential candidate with Herbert Hoover for president, and served from to He was the first person with significant Native American ancestry and the first person with acknowledged non-European ancestry to be elected to either of the highest offices in the land.

American Indians today in the United States have all the rights guaranteed in the U. Constitution , can vote in elections, and run for political office. Controversies remain over how much the federal government has jurisdiction over tribal affairs, sovereignty, and cultural practices. Mid-century, the Indian termination policy and the Indian Relocation Act of marked a new direction for assimilating Native Americans into urban life. The census counted , Indians in and , in , including those on and off reservations in the 48 states. Some 44, Native Americans served in the United States military during World War II : at the time, one-third of all able-bodied Indian men from eighteen to fifty years of age. Their fellow soldiers often held them in high esteem, in part since the legend of the tough Native American warrior had become a part of the fabric of American historical legend.

White servicemen sometimes showed a lighthearted respect toward Native American comrades by calling them "chief". The resulting increase in contact with the world outside of the reservation system brought profound changes to Native American culture. Indian Commissioner in , "caused the greatest disruption of Native life since the beginning of the reservation era", affecting the habits, views, and economic well-being of tribal members. There were also losses as a result of the war. In addition, many more Navajo served as code talkers for the military in the Pacific.

The code they made, although cryptologically very simple, was never cracked by the Japanese. Military service and urban residency contributed to the rise of American Indian activism, particularly after the s and the occupation of Alcatraz Island — by a student Indian group from San Francisco. In the same period, the American Indian Movement AIM was founded in Minneapolis , and chapters were established throughout the country, where American Indians combined spiritual and political activism. Political protests gained national media attention and the sympathy of the American public. Through the mids, conflicts between governments and Native Americans occasionally erupted into violence.

Upset with tribal government and the failures of the federal government to enforce treaty rights, about Oglala Lakota and AIM activists took control of Wounded Knee on February 27, Indian activists from around the country joined them at Pine Ridge, and the occupation became a symbol of rising American Indian identity and power. Federal law enforcement officials and the national guard cordoned off the town, and the two sides had a standoff for 71 days.

During much gunfire, one United States Marshal was wounded and paralyzed. In late April, a Cherokee and local Lakota man were killed by gunfire; the Lakota elders ended the occupation to ensure no more lives were lost. In June , two FBI agents seeking to make an armed robbery arrest at Pine Ridge Reservation were wounded in a firefight, and killed at close range. In , the government enacted the Indian Civil Rights Act. This gave tribal members most of the protections against abuses by tribal governments that the Bill of Rights accords to all U. It resulted from American Indian activism, the Civil Rights Movement, and community development aspects of President Lyndon Johnson 's social programs of the s. The Act recognized the right and need of Native Americans for self-determination.

It marked the U. The U. Tribes have developed organizations to administer their own social, welfare and housing programs, for instance. Tribal self-determination has created tension with respect to the federal government's historic trust obligation to care for Indians; however, the Bureau of Indian Affairs has never lived up to that responsibility. Tensions immediately arose between two philosophies: one that the tribal colleges should have the same criteria, curriculum and procedures for educational quality as mainstream colleges, the other that the faculty and curriculum should be closely adapted to the particular historical culture of the tribe.

There was a great deal of turnover, exacerbated by very tight budgets. Congress passed legislation recognizing the tribal colleges as land-grant colleges , which provided opportunities for large-scale funding. By the early 21st century, tribal nations had also established numerous language revival programs in their schools. In addition, Native American activism has led major universities across the country to establish Native American studies programs and departments, increasing awareness of the strengths of Indian cultures, providing opportunities for academics, and deepening research on history and cultures in the United States.

Native Americans have entered academia; journalism and media; politics at local, state and federal levels; and public service, for instance, influencing medical research and policy to identify issues related to American Indians. It stated that the U. In , jurisdiction over persons who were not tribal members under the Violence Against Women Act was extended to Indian Country.

This closed a gap which prevented arrest or prosecution by tribal police or courts of abusive partners of tribal members who were not native or from another tribe. Many live in poverty. Racism, unemployment, drugs and gangs were common problems that Indian social service organizations such as the Little Earth housing complex in Minneapolis attempt to address. The Census showed that the U. In addition, 2. Together, these two groups totaled 5. Thus, 1.

According to Office of Management and Budget, "American Indian or Alaska Native" refers to a person having origins in any of the original peoples of North and South America including Central America and who maintains tribal affiliation or community attachment. The census permitted respondents to self-identify as being of one or more races. Self-identification dates from the census of ; prior to that the race of the respondent was determined by the opinion of the census taker. The option to select more than one race was introduced in Population size for Native American tribes is difficult to state definitively, but at least one writer has made estimates, often based on an assumed proportion of the number of warriors to total population for the tribe.

The census counted , Native Americans in , , in and , in , including those on and off reservations in the 48 states. Full-blood individuals are more likely to live on a reservation than mixed-blood individuals. The Navajo , with , full-blood individuals, is the largest tribe if only full-blood individuals are counted; the Navajo are the tribe with the highest proportion of full-blood individuals, The Cherokee have a different history; it is the largest tribe with , individuals, and it has , full-blood individuals.

Racism, unemployment, drugs and gangs are common problems which Indian social service organizations such as the Little Earth housing complex in Minneapolis attempt to address. According to United States Census Bureau estimates, a little over one-third of the 2,, Native Americans in the United States live in three states: California , , Arizona , and Oklahoma , Census Bureau estimated that about 0. This population is unevenly distributed across the country. Below are numbers for U. There are federally recognized tribal governments [] and Indian reservations [] in the United States. These tribes possess the right to form their own governments, to enforce laws both civil and criminal within their lands, to tax, to establish requirements for membership, to license and regulate activities, to zone, and to exclude persons from tribal territories.

Limitations on tribal powers of self-government include the same limitations applicable to states; for example, neither tribes nor states have the power to make war, engage in foreign relations, or coin money this includes paper currency. The rights and benefits associated with state recognition vary from state to state. The Bureau of Indian Affairs reports on its website that its "responsibility is the administration and management of 55,, acres , km 2 of land held in trust by the United States for American Indians, Indian tribes, and Alaska Natives ". Some tribal groups have been unable to document the cultural continuity required for federal recognition.

To achieve federal recognition and its benefits, tribes must prove continuous existence since The federal government has maintained this requirement, in part because through participation on councils and committees, federally recognized tribes have been adamant about groups' satisfying the same requirements as they did. Several tribes in Virginia and North Carolina have gained state recognition. Federal recognition confers some benefits, including the right to label arts and crafts as Native American and permission to apply for grants that are specifically reserved for Native Americans.

But gaining federal recognition as a tribe is extremely difficult; to be established as a tribal group, members have to submit extensive genealogical proof of tribal descent and continuity of the tribe as a culture. In July , the Washington State Republican Party adopted a resolution recommending that the federal and legislative branches of the U. House of Representatives to "terminate" the Cherokee Nation. As of , various Native Americans are wary of attempts by others to gain control of their reservation lands for natural resources, such as coal and uranium in the West. In the state of Virginia , Native Americans face a unique problem. Until Virginia previously had no federally recognized tribes but the state had recognized eight.

This is related historically to the greater impact of disease and warfare on the Virginia Indian populations, as well as their intermarriage with Europeans and Africans. Some people confused ancestry with culture, but groups of Virginia Indians maintained their cultural continuity. Most of their early reservations were ended under the pressure of early European settlement. Some historians also note the problems of Virginia Indians in establishing documented continuity of identity, due to the work of Walter Ashby Plecker — As registrar of the state's Bureau of Vital Statistics, he applied his own interpretation of the one-drop rule , enacted in law in as the state's Racial Integrity Act.

It recognized only two races: "white" and "colored". Plecker, a segregationist , believed that the state's Native Americans had been "mongrelized" by intermarriage with African Americans ; to him, ancestry determined identity, rather than culture. He thought that some people of partial black ancestry were trying to " pass " as Native Americans. Plecker pressured local governments into reclassifying all Native Americans in the state as "colored" and gave them lists of family surnames to examine for reclassification based on his interpretation of data and the law.

This led to the state's destruction of accurate records related to families and communities who identified as Native American as in church records and daily life. By his actions, sometimes different members of the same family were split by being classified as "white" or "colored". He did not allow people to enter their primary identification as Native American in state records. In , eight of ten Americans with Native American ancestry were of mixed ancestry. It is estimated that by that figure will rise to nine out of ten. The civil rights movement was a very significant moment for the rights of Native Americans and other people of color.

Native Americans faced racism and prejudice for hundreds of years, and this increased after the American Civil War. As a body of law, Jim Crow institutionalized economic, educational, and social disadvantages for Native Americans, and other people of color living in the south. In the south segregation was a major problem for Native Americans seeking education, but the NAACP's legal strategy would later change this. In this case, light-complexioned Native children were allowed to ride school buses to previously all white schools, while dark-skinned Native children from the same band were barred from riding the same buses.

He promptly responded and, through his intervention, the problem was quickly resolved. Our nation was born in genocide when it embraced the doctrine that the original American, the Indian, was an inferior race. Even before there were large numbers of Negroes on our shores, the scar of racial hatred had already disfigured colonial society. From the sixteenth century forward, blood flowed in battles over racial supremacy. We are perhaps the only nation which tried as a matter of national policy to wipe out its Indigenous population. Moreover, we elevated that tragic experience into a noble crusade. Indeed, even today we have not permitted ourselves to reject or to feel remorse for this shameful episode.

Our literature, our films, our drama, our folklore all exalt it. We have joined the Poor People's Campaign because most of our families, tribes, and communities number among those suffering most in this country. We are not begging. We are demanding what is rightfully ours. This is no more than the right to have a decent life in our own communities. We need guaranteed jobs, guaranteed income, housing, schools, economic development, but most important- we want them on our own terms.

Our chief spokesman in the federal government, the Department of Interior , has failed us. In fact it began failing us from its very beginning. The Interior Department began failing us because it was built upon and operates under a racist, immoral, paternalistic and colonialistic system. There is no way to improve upon racism, immorality and colonialism; it can only be done away with. The system and power structure serving Indian peoples is a sickness which has grown to epidemic proportions. The Indian system is sick.

Paternalism is the virus and the secretary of the Interior is the carrier. Native American struggles amid poverty to maintain life on the reservation or in larger society have resulted in a variety of health issues, some related to nutrition and health practices. The community suffers a vulnerability to and disproportionately high rate of alcoholism. It has long been recognized that Native Americans are dying of diabetes , alcoholism, tuberculosis , suicide , and other health conditions at shocking rates.

Beyond disturbingly high mortality rates, Native Americans also suffer a significantly lower health status and disproportionate rates of disease compared with all other Americans. Recent studies also point to rising rates of stroke, [] heart disease, [] and diabetes [] in the Native American population. In a study conducted in —, non-Native Americans admitted they rarely encountered Native Americans in their daily lives. While sympathetic toward Native Americans and expressing regret over the past, most people had only a vague understanding of the problems facing Native Americans today.

For their part, Native Americans told researchers that they believed they continued to face prejudice , mistreatment, and inequality in the broader society. Federal contractors and subcontractors, such as businesses and educational institutions, are legally required to adopt equal opportunity employment and affirmative action measures intended to prevent discrimination against employees or applicants for employment on the basis of "color, religion, sex, or national origin".

Self-reporting opens the door to "box checking" by people who, despite not having a substantial relationship to Native American culture, innocently or fraudulently check the box for Native American. The difficulties that Native Americans face in the workforce, for example, a lack of promotions and wrongful terminations are attributed to racial stereotypes and implicit biases.

Native American business owners are seldom offered auxiliary resources that are crucial for entrepreneurial success. American Indian activists in the United States and Canada have criticized the use of Native American mascots in sports, as perpetuating stereotypes. This is considered cultural appropriation. There has been a steady decline in the number of secondary school and college teams using such names, images, and mascots.

Some tribal team names have been approved by the tribe in question, such as the Seminole Tribe of Florida 's approving use of their name for the teams of Florida State University. The NFL 's Washington Redskins , whose name was considered to be a racial slur , [] has recently been removed. They are currently now known as the Washington Football Team. On December 13, The New York Times reported that Cleveland would be officially changing their name, set to take effect likely following the season. Native Americans have been depicted by American artists in various ways at different periods.

A number of 19th- and 20th-century United States and Canadian painters, often motivated by a desire to document and preserve Native culture, specialized in Native American subjects. In the 20th century, early portrayals of Native Americans in movies and television roles were first performed by European Americans dressed in mock traditional attire. The roles of Native Americans were limited and not reflective of Native American culture. For years, Native people on U. During the years of the series Bonanza — , no major or secondary Native characters appeared on a consistent basis. The series The Lone Ranger — , Cheyenne — , and Law of the Plainsman — had Native characters who were essentially aides to the central white characters.

This continued in such series as How the West Was Won. These programs resembled the "sympathetic" yet contradictory film Dances With Wolves of , in which, according to Ella Shohat and Robert Stam, the narrative choice was to relate the Lakota story as told through a Euro-American voice, for wider impact among a general audience. The film Smoke Signals , which was set on the Coeur D'Alene Reservation and discussed hardships of present-day American Indian families living on reservations, featured numerous Native American actors as well.

It represented "an unprecedented collaboration between Native and non-Native filmmakers and involves Native advisors and scholars at all levels of the project". The term Native American was introduced in the United States in preference to the older term Indian to distinguish the Indigenous peoples of the Americas from the people of India. In , a plurality of Indigenous Americans, however, preferred the term American Indian [] and many tribes include the word Indian in their formal title. Criticism of the neologism Native American comes from diverse sources. Russell Means , an Oglala Lakota activist, opposed the term Native American because he believed it was imposed by the government without the consent of Native people.

He has also argued that the use of the word Indian derives not from a confusion with India but from a Spanish expression en Dios meaning "in God" [] [ verification needed ] and a near- homophone of the Spanish word for "Indians", indios. A U. Gambling has become a leading industry. Casinos operated by many Native American governments in the United States are creating a stream of gambling revenue that some communities are beginning to leverage to build diversified economies. Some tribes, such as the Winnemem Wintu of Redding, California , feel that casinos and their proceeds destroy culture from the inside out.

These tribes refuse to participate in the gambling industry. Numerous tribes around the country have entered the financial services market including the Otoe-Missouria , Tunica-Biloxi , and the Rosebud Sioux. Because of the challenges involved in starting a financial services business from scratch, many tribes hire outside consultants and vendors to help them launch these businesses and manage the regulatory issues involved. Similar to the tribal sovereignty debates that occurred when tribes first entered the gaming industry, the tribes, states, and federal government are currently in disagreement regarding who possesses the authority to regulate these e-commerce business entities.

Prosecution of serious crime, historically endemic on reservations, [] [] was required by the Major Crimes Act, [] 18 U. A December 13, New York Times article about growing gang violence on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation estimated that there were 39 gangs with 5, members on that reservation alone. As of , a high incidence of rape continued to impact Native American women and Alaskan native women. According to the Department of Justice, 1 in 3 Native women have suffered rape or attempted rape, more than twice the national rate. Bruce Duthu, "More than 80 percent of Indian victims identify their attacker as non-Indian". Today, other than tribes successfully running casinos, many tribes struggle, as they are often located on reservations isolated from the main economic centers of the country.

The estimated 2. According to the Census , an estimated , Native Americans reside on reservation land. Strategies and Institutions in American Indian Economic Development , [] are summarized as follows:. A major barrier to development is the lack of entrepreneurial knowledge and experience within Indian reservations. Consequently, experiential entrepreneurship education needs to be embedded into school curriculum and after-school and other community activities. This would allow students to learn the essential elements of entrepreneurship from a young age and encourage them to apply these elements throughout life".

Some scholars argue that the existing theories and practices of economic development are not suitable for Native American communities—given the lifestyle, economic, and cultural differences, as well as the unique history of Native American-U. The federal government fails to consider place-based issues of American Indian poverty by generalizing the demographic. Native land owned by individual Native Americans sometimes cannot be developed because of fractionalization. Fractionalization occurs when a landowner dies, and their land is inherited by their children, but not subdivided. This means that one parcel might be owned by 50 different individuals. A majority of those holding interest must agree to any proposal to develop the land, and establishing this consent is time-consuming, cumbersome, and sometimes impossible.

Another landownership issue on reservations is checkerboarding, where Tribal land is interspersed with land owned by the federal government on behalf of Natives, individually owned plots, and land owned by non-Native individuals. This prevents Tribal governments from securing plots of land large enough for economic development or agricultural uses. This bars Native Americans from getting loans, as there is nothing that a bank can collect if the loan is not paid. Past efforts to encourage land ownership such as the Dawes Act resulted in a net loss of Tribal land. After they were familiarized with their smallholder status , Native American landowners were lifted of trust restrictions and their land would get transferred back to them, contingent on a transactional fee to the federal government.

They claim that because of this history, property rights are foreign to Natives and have no place in the modern reservation system. Those in favor of property rights cite examples of tribes negotiating with colonial communities or other tribes about fishing and hunting rights in an area. State-level efforts such as the Oklahoma Indian Welfare Act were attempts to contain tribal land in Native American hands. However, more bureaucratic decisions only expanded the size of the bureaucracy. The knowledge disconnect between the decision-making bureaucracy and Native American stakeholders resulted in ineffective development efforts. Traditional Native American entrepreneurship does not prioritize profit maximization , rather, business transactions must have align with their social and cultural values.

Often, bureaucratic overseers of development are far removed from Native American communities and lack the knowledge and understanding to develop plans or make resource allocation decisions. Such incidences include fabricated reports that exaggerate results. While Native American urban poverty is attributed to hiring and workplace discrimination in a heterogeneous setting, [] reservation and trust land poverty rates are endogenous to deserted opportunities in isolated regions. Historical trauma is described as collective emotional and psychological damage throughout a person's lifetime and across multiple generations.

American Indian youth have higher rates of substance and alcohol use deaths than the general population. The culture of Pre-Columbian North America is usually defined by the concept of the culture area, namely a geographical region where shared cultural traits occur. The northwest culture area, for example, shared common traits such as salmon fishing, woodworking, and large villages or towns and a hierarchical social structure. Though cultural features, language, clothing, and customs vary enormously from one tribe to another, there are certain elements which are encountered frequently and shared by many tribes.

Early European American scholars described the Native Americans as having a society dominated by clans. European colonization of the Americas had a major impact on Native American cultures through what is known as the Columbian exchange. The Columbian exchange , also known as the Columbian interchange , was the widespread transfer of plants, animals, culture, human populations, technology, and ideas between the Americas and Eurasia the Old World in the 15th and 16th centuries, following Christopher Columbus 's voyage. The impact of the Columbian exchange was not entirely negative, however. For example, the re-introduction of the horse to North America allowed the Plains Indian to revolutionize their ways of life by making hunting, trading, and warfare far more effective, and to greatly improve their ability to transport possessions and move their settlements.

The Great Plains tribes were still hunting the bison when they first encountered the Europeans. The Spanish reintroduction of the horse to North America in the 17th century and Native Americans' learning to use them greatly altered the Native Americans' cultures, including changing the way in which they hunted large game. Horses became such a valuable, central element of Native lives that they were counted as a measure of wealth by many tribes.

In the early years, as Native peoples encountered European explorers and settlers and engaged in trade, they exchanged food, crafts, and furs for blankets, iron and steel implements, horses, trinkets, firearms, and alcoholic beverages. Uto-Aztecan has the most speakers 1. Southwest and northern Mexico with one outlier in the Plains. Several families consist of only 2 or 3 languages. Demonstrating genetic relationships has proved difficult due to the great linguistic diversity present in North America. Two large super- family proposals, Penutian and Hokan , look particularly promising. However, even after decades of research, a large number of families remain.

A number of words used in English have been derived from Native American languages. To counteract a shift to English, some Native American tribes have initiated language immersion schools for children, where an Indigenous American language is the medium of instruction. For example, the Cherokee Nation initiated a year language preservation plan that involved raising new fluent speakers of the Cherokee language from childhood on up through school immersion programs as well as a collaborative community effort to continue to use the language at home.

There is also a Cherokee language immersion school in Tahlequah, Oklahoma , that educates students from pre-school through eighth grade. Historical diets of Native Americans differed dramatically from region to region. Different peoples might have relied more heavily on agriculture, horticulture, hunting, fishing, or gathering wild plants and fungi. Tribes developed diets best suited to their environments. Coastal peoples relied more heavily on sea mammals, fish, and fish eggs, while inland peoples hunted caribou and moose.

Pacific Northwest tribes crafted seafaring dugouts 40—50 feet 12—15 m long for fishing. In the Eastern Woodlands , early peoples independently invented agricultural and by BCE developed the crops of the Eastern Agricultural Complex , which include squash Cucurbita pepo ssp. The Sonoran desert region including parts of Arizona and California , part of a region known as Aridoamerica , relied heavily on the tepary bean Phaseolus acutifolius as a staple crop. This and other desert crops, mesquite bead pods, tunas prickly pear fruit , cholla buds, saguaro cactus fruit, and acorns are being actively promoted today by Tohono O'odham Community Action.

They filled storehouses with grain as protection against the area's frequent droughts. Maize or corn , first cultivated in what is now Mexico was traded north into Aridoamerica and Oasisamerica , southwest. Native farmers practiced polycropping maize, beans, and squash; these crops are known as the Three Sisters. The beans would replace the nitrogen , which the maize leached from the ground, as well as using corn stalks for support for climbing. The agriculture gender roles of the Native Americans varied from region to region. In the Southwest area, men prepared the soil with hoes.

The women were in charge of planting , weeding , and harvesting the crops. In most other regions, the women were in charge of most agriculture, including clearing the land. Clearing the land was an immense chore since the Native Americans rotated fields. Europeans in the eastern part of the continent observed that Native Americans cleared large areas for cropland. Their fields in New England sometimes covered hundreds of acres. Colonists in Virginia noted thousands of acres under cultivation by Native Americans.

Early farmers commonly used tools such as the hoe , maul , and dibber. The hoe was the main tool used to till the land and prepare it for planting; then it was used for weeding. The first versions were made out of wood and stone. When the settlers brought iron , Native Americans switched to iron hoes and hatchets. The dibber was a digging stick, used to plant the seed. Once the plants were harvested, women prepared the produce for eating. They used the maul to grind the corn into a mash. It was cooked and eaten that way or baked as cornbread. Native American religious practices, beliefs, and philosophies differ widely across tribes.

These spiritualities , practices, beliefs, and philosophies may accompany adherence to another faith or can represent a person's primary religious, faith, spiritual or philosophical identity. Much Native American spirituality exists in a tribal-cultural continuum, and as such cannot be easily separated from tribal identity itself. Cultural spiritual, philosophical, and faith ways differ from tribe to tribe and person to person. Some tribes include the use of sacred leaves and herbs such as tobacco, sweetgrass or sage. Many Plains tribes have sweatlodge ceremonies, though the specifics of the ceremony vary among tribes. Fasting, singing and prayer in the ancient languages of their people, and sometimes drumming are also common.

The Midewiwin Lodge is a medicine society inspired by the oral history and prophesies of the Ojibwa Chippewa and related tribes. Another significant religious body among Native peoples is known as the Native American Church. It is a syncretistic church incorporating elements of Native spiritual practice from a number of different tribes as well as symbolic elements from Christianity. Its main rite is the peyote ceremony. Prior to , traditional religious beliefs included Wakan Tanka. In the American Southwest, especially New Mexico , a syncretism between the Catholicism brought by Spanish missionaries and the native religion is common; the religious drums, chants, and dances of the Pueblo people are regularly part of Masses at Santa Fe 's Saint Francis Cathedral.

The eagle feather law Title 50 Part 22 of the Code of Federal Regulations stipulates that only individuals of certifiable Native American ancestry enrolled in a federally recognized tribe are legally authorized to obtain eagle feathers for religious or spiritual use. The law does not allow Native Americans to give eagle feathers to non-Native Americans. Gender roles are differentiated in many Native American tribes. Many Natives have retained traditional expectations of sexuality and gender, and continue to do so in contemporary life despite continued and on-going colonial pressures. Whether a particular tribe is predominantly matrilineal or patrilineal , often both sexes have some degree of decision-making power within the tribe.

Many Nations, such as the Haudenosaunee Five Nations and the Southeast Muskogean tribes, have matrilineal or Clan Mother systems, in which property and hereditary leadership are controlled by and passed through the maternal lines. In Cherokee culture, women own the family property. When traditional young women marry, their husbands may join them in their mother's household. Matrilineal structures enable young women to have assistance in childbirth and rearing and protect them in case of conflicts between the couple.

If a couple separates or the man dies, the woman has her family to assist her. In matrilineal cultures the mother's brothers are usually the leading male figures in her children's lives; fathers have no standing in their wife and children's clan, as they still belong to their own mother's clan. Hereditary clan chief positions pass through the mother's line and chiefs have historically been selected on the recommendations of women elders, who could also disapprove of a chief. In the patrilineal tribes, such as the Omaha , Osage , Ponca , and Lakota , hereditary leadership passes through the male line, and children are considered to belong to the father and his clan. In patrilineal tribes, if a woman marries a non-Native, she is no longer considered part of the tribe, and her children are considered to share the ethnicity and culture of their father.

In patriarchal tribes, gender roles tend to be rigid. Men have historically hunted, traded and made war while, as life-givers, women have primary responsibility for the survival and welfare of the families and future of the tribe. Women usually gather and cultivate plants, use plants and herbs to treat illnesses, care for the young and the elderly, make all the clothing and instruments, and process and cure meat and skins from the game. Some mothers use cradleboards to carry an infant while working or traveling. At least several dozen tribes allowed polygyny to sisters, with procedural and economic limits. Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota girls are encouraged to learn to ride, hunt and fight. Native American leisure time led to competitive individual and team sports.

Native American ball sports, sometimes referred to as lacrosse , stickball, or baggataway, were often used to settle disputes, rather than going to war, as a civil way to settle potential conflict. The Choctaw called it isitoboli "Little Brother of War" ; [] the Onondaga name was dehuntshigwa'es "men hit a rounded object". There are three basic versions, classified as Great Lakes, Iroquoian, and Southern. The game is played with one or two rackets or sticks and one ball. The object of the game is to land the ball in the opposing team's goal either a single post or net to score and to prevent the opposing team from scoring on your goal.

The game involves as few as 20 or as many as players with no height or weight restrictions and no protective gear. The goals could be from around feet 61 m apart to about 2 miles 3. Chunkey was a game that consisted of a stone-shaped disk that was about 1—2 inches in diameter. The disk was thrown down a foot 61 m corridor so that it could roll past the players at great speed. The disk would roll down the corridor, and players would throw wooden shafts at the moving disk.

The object of the game was to strike the disk or prevent your opponents from hitting it. Jim Thorpe , a Sauk and Fox Native American, was an all-around athlete playing football and baseball in the early 20th century. Future President Dwight Eisenhower injured his knee while trying to tackle the young Thorpe. In a speech, Eisenhower recalled Thorpe: "Here and there, there are some people who are supremely endowed.

My memory goes back to Jim Thorpe. He never practiced in his life, and he could do anything better than any other football player I ever saw. In the Olympics, Thorpe could run the yard dash in 10 seconds flat, the in Olympic trials for the pentathlon and the decathlon. Louis Tewanima , Hopi people , was an American two-time Olympic distance runner and silver medalist in the 10,meter run in His silver medal in remained the best U. Tewanima also competed at the Olympics, where he finished in ninth place in the marathon. He was the only American ever to win the Olympic gold in this event. An unknown before the Olympics, Mills finished second in the U. Olympic trials. Billy Kidd , part Abenaki from Vermont , became the first American male to medal in alpine skiing in the Olympics, taking silver at age 20 in the slalom in the Winter Olympics at Innsbruck , Austria.

Six years later at the World Championships, Kidd won the gold medal in the combined event and took the bronze medal in the slalom. Traditional Native American music is almost entirely monophonic , but there are notable exceptions. Native American music often includes drumming or the playing of rattles or other percussion instruments but little other instrumentation. Flutes and whistles made of wood, cane, or bone are also played, generally by individuals, but in former times also by large ensembles as noted by Spanish conquistador de Soto. The tuning of modern flutes is typically pentatonic. Some, such as John Trudell , have used music to comment on life in Native America. Other musicians such as R. Carlos Nakai , Joanne Shenandoah and Robert "Tree" Cody integrate traditional sounds with modern sounds in instrumental recordings, whereas the music by artist Charles Littleleaf is derived from ancestral heritage as well as nature.

A variety of small and medium-sized recording companies offer an abundance of recent music by Native American performers young and old, ranging from pow-wow drum music to hard-driving rock-and-roll and rap. In the International world of ballet dancing Maria Tallchief was considered America's first major prima ballerina , [] and was the first person of Native American descent to hold the rank.

The most widely practiced public musical form among Native Americans in the United States is that of the pow-wow. At pow-wows, such as the annual Gathering of Nations in Albuquerque, New Mexico , members of drum groups sit in a circle around a large drum. Drum groups play in unison while they sing in a native language and dancers in colorful regalia dance clockwise around the drum groups in the center.

Familiar pow-wow songs include honor songs, intertribal songs, crow-hops, sneak-up songs, grass-dances, two-steps, welcome songs, going-home songs, and war songs. Most Indigenous communities in the United States also maintain traditional songs and ceremonies, some of which are shared and practiced exclusively within the community. The Iroquois , living around the Great Lakes and extending east and north, used strings or belts called wampum that served a dual function: the knots and beaded designs mnemonically chronicled tribal stories and legends, and further served as a medium of exchange and a unit of measure.

The keepers of the articles were seen as tribal dignitaries. Pueblo peoples crafted impressive items associated with their religious ceremonies. Kachina dancers wore elaborately painted and decorated masks as they ritually impersonated various ancestral spirits. Superior weaving, embroidered decorations, and rich dyes characterized the textile arts. Both turquoise and shell jewelry were created, as were formalized pictorial arts.

Navajo spirituality focused on the maintenance of a harmonious relationship with the spirit world, often achieved by ceremonial acts, usually incorporating sandpainting. For the Navajo, the sand painting is not merely a representational object, but a dynamic spiritual entity with a life of its own, which helped the patient at the center of the ceremony re-establish a connection with the life force. These vivid, intricate, and colorful sand creations were erased at the end of the healing ceremony. The Native American arts and crafts industry brings in more than a billion in gross sales annually. Native American art comprises a major category in the world art collection. Native American contributions include pottery , paintings , jewellery , weavings , sculpture , basketry , and carvings.

The integrity of certain Native American artworks is protected by the Indian Arts and Crafts Act of , which prohibits the representation of art as Native American when it is not the product of an enrolled Native American artist. Attorney Gail Sheffield and others claim that this law has had "the unintended consequence of sanctioning discrimination against Native Americans whose tribal affiliation was not officially recognized". Interracial relations between Native Americans, Europeans, and Africans is a complex issue that has been mostly neglected with "few in-depth studies on interracial relationships". One case is that of Gonzalo Guerrero , a European from Spain , who was shipwrecked along the Yucatan Peninsula , and fathered three Mestizo children with a Mayan noblewoman.

European impact was immediate, widespread, and profound already during the early years of colonization and the creation of the countries which currently exist in the Americas. Europeans living among Native Americans were often called "white indians". They "lived in native communities for years, learned native languages fluently, attended native councils, and often fought alongside their native companions". Early contact was often charged with tension and emotion, but also had moments of friendship, cooperation, and intimacy.

There was fear on both sides, as the different peoples realized how different their societies were. Orthodox Christians never viewed Native people as savages or sub-human. Blackbird, wrote in his History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan , that white settlers introduced some immoralities into Native American tribes. Many Native Americans suffered because the Europeans introduced alcohol. Many Native people do not break down alcohol in the same way as people of Eurasian background. Many Native people were learning what their body could tolerate of this new substance and died as a result of imbibing too much. Blackbird wrote:. The Ottawas and Chippewas were quite virtuous in their primitive state, as there were no illegitimate children reported in our old traditions.

But very lately this evil came to exist among the Ottawas-so lately that the second case among the Ottawas of 'Arbor Croche' is yet living in And from that time this evil came to be quite frequent, for immorality has been introduced among these people by evil white persons who bring their vices into the tribes. For a Native American man to marry a white woman, he had to get consent of her parents, as long as "he can prove to support her as a white woman in a good home". In the late 19th century, three European-American middle-class women teachers at Hampton Institute married Native American men whom they had met as students. As European-American women started working independently at missions and Indian schools in the western states, there were more opportunities for their meeting and developing relationships with Native American men.

For instance, Charles Eastman , a man of European and Lakota origin whose father sent both his sons to Dartmouth College , got his medical degree at Boston University and returned to the West to practice. He married Elaine Goodale , whom he met in South Dakota. He was the grandson of Seth Eastman , a military officer from Maine, and a chief's daughter.

Goodale was a young European-American teacher from Massachusetts and a reformer, who was appointed as the U. They had six children together. The majority of Native American tribes did practice some form of slavery before the European introduction of African slavery into North America, but none exploited slave labor on a large scale. Most Native American tribes did not barter captives in the pre-colonial era, although they sometimes exchanged enslaved individuals with other tribes in peace gestures or in exchange for their own members. Native Americans began selling war captives to Europeans rather than integrating them into their own societies as they had done before.

As the demand for labor in the West Indies grew with the cultivation of sugar cane , Europeans enslaved Native Americans for the Thirteen Colonies , and some were exported to the "sugar islands". The British settlers, especially those in the southern colonies, purchased or captured Native Americans to use as forced labor in cultivating tobacco, rice, and indigo. Accurate records of the numbers enslaved do not exist because vital statistics and census reports were at best infrequent. The Virginia General Assembly defined some terms of slavery in All servants imported and brought into the Country All Negro, mulatto and Indian slaves within this dominion If any slave resists his master The slave trade of Native Americans lasted only until around It gave rise to a series of devastating wars among the tribes, including the Yamasee War.

The Indian Wars of the early 18th century, combined with the increasing importation of African slaves, effectively ended the Native American slave trade by Colonists found that Native American slaves could easily escape, as they knew the country. The wars cost the lives of numerous colonial slave traders and disrupted their early societies. The remaining Native American groups banded together to face the Europeans from a position of strength. Many surviving Native American peoples of the southeast strengthened their loose coalitions of language groups and joined confederacies such as the Choctaw , the Creek , and the Catawba for protection. Even after the Indian Slave Trade ended in , the enslavement of Native Americans continued mostly through kidnappings in the west and in the Southern states.

African and Native Americans have interacted for centuries. The earliest record of Native American and African contact occurred in April , when Spanish colonists transported the first Africans to Hispaniola to serve as slaves. Sometimes Native Americans resented the presence of African Americans. The carrying of Negroes among the Indians has all along been thought detrimental, as an intimacy ought to be avoided.

Europeans considered both races inferior and made efforts to make both Native Americans and Africans enemies. They worked together, lived together in communal quarters, produced collective recipes for food, shared herbal remedies, myths and legends, and in the end they intermarried. In the 18th century, many Native American women married freed or runaway African men due to a decrease in the population of men in Native American villages. While numerous tribes used captive enemies as servants and slaves, they also often adopted younger captives into their tribes to replace members who had died. In the Southeast, a few Native American tribes began to adopt a slavery system similar to that of the American colonists, buying African American slaves, especially the Cherokee , Choctaw , and Creek.

In the Census, nearly 3 million people indicated that their race was Native American including Alaska Native. This phenomenon has been dubbed the " Cherokee Syndrome ". Some tribes particularly some in the Eastern United States are primarily made up of individuals with an unambiguous Native American identity , despite having a large number of mixed-race citizens with prominent non-Native ancestry.

Historically, numerous Native Americans assimilated into colonial and later American society , e. In many cases, this process occurred through forced assimilation of children sent off to special boarding schools far from their families. Those who could pass for white had the advantage of white privilege. Native Americans are more likely than any other racial group to practice interracial marriage , resulting in an ever-declining proportion of Indigenous blood among those who claim a Native American identity. Disenrollment has become a contentious issue in Native American reservation politics. Intertribal mixing was common among many Native American tribes prior to European contact, as they would adopt captives taken in warfare.

Individuals often had ancestry from more than one tribe, particularly after tribes lost so many members from disease in the colonial era and after. A number of tribes traditionally adopted captives into their group to replace members who had been captured or killed in battle. Such captives were from rival tribes and later were taken from raids on European settlements. Some tribes also sheltered or adopted white traders and runaway slaves, and others owned slaves of their own. Tribes with long trading histories with Europeans show a higher rate of European admixture, reflecting years of intermarriage between Native American women and European men, often seen as advantageous to both sides.

In recent years, genetic genealogists have been able to determine the proportion of Native American ancestry carried by the African-American population. The literary and history scholar Henry Louis Gates, Jr. A greater percentage could have a smaller proportion of Indian ancestry, but their conclusions show that popular estimates of Native American admixture may have been too high. DNA testing is not sufficient to qualify a person for specific tribal membership, as it cannot distinguish among Native American tribes; however some tribes such as the Meskwaki Nation require a DNA test in order to enroll in the tribe.

For example, a genetic male could have a maternal grandfather from whom he did not inherit his Y chromosome and a paternal grandmother from whom he did not inherit his mtDNA who were descended from Native American founders, but mtDNA and Y-chromosome analyses would not detect them. Native American identity has historically been based on culture, not just biology, as many American Indian peoples adopted captives from their enemies and assimilated them into their tribes. While they occur more frequently among Native Americans, they are also found in people in other parts of the world. Not all Native Americans have been tested; especially with the large number of deaths due to disease such as smallpox , it is unlikely that Native Americans only have the genetic markers they have identified [so far], even when their maternal or paternal bloodline does not include a [known] non-Native American.

To receive tribal services, a Native American must be a certified or enrolled member of a federally recognized tribal organization. Each tribal government makes its own rules for the eligibility of citizens or tribal members. Among tribes, qualification for enrollment may be based upon a required percentage of Native American "blood" or the " blood quantum " of an individual seeking recognition, or documented descent from an ancestor on the Dawes Rolls or other registers. But, the federal government has its own standards related to who qualifies for services available to certified Native Americans.

For instance, federal scholarships for Native Americans require the student both to be enrolled in a federally recognized tribe and to be of at least one-quarter Native American descent equivalent to one grandparent , attested to by a Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood CDIB card issued by the federal government. Some tribes have begun requiring genealogical DNA testing of individuals' applying for membership, but this is usually related to an individual's proving parentage or direct descent from a certified member. The Cherokee require documented direct genealogical descent from a Native American listed in the early Dawes Rolls. Tribal rules regarding the recognition of members who have heritage from multiple tribes are equally diverse and complex.

Federally recognized tribes do not accept genetic-ancestry results as appropriate documentation for enrollment and do not advise applicants to submit such documentation. Tribal membership conflicts have led to a number of legal disputes, court cases, and the formation of activist groups. One example of this is the Cherokee Freedmen. Today, they include descendants of African Americans once enslaved by the Cherokees, who were granted, by federal treaty, citizenship in the historic Cherokee Nation as freedmen after the Civil War. The modern Cherokee Nation , in the early s, passed a law to require that all members must prove descent from a Cherokee Native American not Cherokee Freedmen listed on the Dawes Rolls, resulting in the exclusion of some individuals and families who had been active in Cherokee culture for years.

Since the United States Census , people may identify as being of more than one race. Sociologists attribute this dramatic change to "ethnic shifting" or "ethnic shopping"; they believe that it reflects a willingness of people to question their birth identities and adopt new ethnicities which they find more compatible. The reaction from lifelong Indians runs the gamut. It is easy to find Native Americans who denounce many of these new Indians as members of the wannabe tribe.

But it is also easy to find Indians like Clem Iron Wing, an elder among the Lakota , who sees this flood of new ethnic claims as magnificent, a surge of Indians 'trying to come home. The journalist Mary Annette Pember notes that identifying with Native American culture may be a result of a person's increased interest in genealogy , the romanticization of the lifestyle, and a family tradition of Native American ancestors in the distant past. There are different issues if a person wants to pursue enrollment as a member of a tribe. Pember concludes:. The subjects of genuine American Indian blood, cultural connection and recognition by the community are extremely contentious issues, hotly debated throughout Indian country and beyond.

The whole situation, some say, is ripe for misinterpretation, confusion and, ultimately, exploitation. Neither recombines , and thus Y-DNA and mtDNA change only by chance mutation at each generation with no intermixture between parents' genetic material. There are five primary Native American mtDNA haplogroups in which there are clusters of closely linked markers inherited together. All five haplogroups have been identified by researchers as "prehistoric Native North American samples", and it is commonly asserted that the majority of living Native Americans possess one of the common five mtDNA haplogroup markers.

The genetic pattern indicates Indigenous Americans experienced two very distinctive genetic episodes; first with the initial-peopling of the Americas, and secondly with European colonization of the Americas. Human settlement of the New World occurred in stages from the Bering sea coast line , with an initial 15, to 20,year layover on Beringia for the small founding population. Scientists suggest that the main ancestor of the Ainu and of some Native American groups can be traced back to Paleolithic groups in Southern Siberia.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Indigenous peoples of the United States of America. This article may be too long to read and navigate comfortably. The readable prose size is kilobytes. Please consider splitting content into sub-articles, condensing it, or adding subheadings. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. July Proportion of Indigenous Americans in each U. Political movements. Ethnic subdivisions. English American English Native American languages. Neighborhoods Societal statistics Reservations Tribal disenrollment Reservation poverty. Main articles: Paleo-Indians and Settlement of the Americas. Main article: Pre-Columbian era.

Main article: Lithic stage. Main article: Archaic period in the Americas. Main articles: Age of Discovery and European colonization of the Americas. Main article: Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas. Main article: King Philip's War. Further information: Great Law of Peace. Main article: Cultural assimilation of Native Americans. Further information: Indian colony and Indian reservations. Further information: Native American reservation politics. Main article: Indian boarding schools. Main articles: Native American self-determination and Native American civil rights. Main article: Tribal colleges and universities. Further information: Modern social statistics of Native Americans. See also: Population history of indigenous peoples of the Americas.

Further information: Urban Indian. Further information: Native American ancestry. Board of Education. Commission on Civil Rights [] September Further information: Stereotypes of Native Americans. Main article: Native American mascot controversy. Further information: Native American name controversy. Main article: Native American gaming. Main article: Native American cultures of the United States. Further information: category:Archaeological cultures of North America. Main article: Indigenous languages of the Americas. Main article: Native American religion. Main articles: Native American music and Visual arts by indigenous peoples of the Americas. Further information: petroglyph , pictogram , petroform , Visual arts by indigenous peoples of the Americas , indigenous ceramics of the Americas , and Native American jewelry.

Further information: Cultural assimilation of Native Americans. Further information: Black Indians and Native American slave ownership. Main article: Native American identity. Further information: Cherokee freedmen controversy , Cherokee descent , and Tribal disenrollment. Main article: Genetic history of indigenous peoples of the Americas. Indigenous peoples of the Americas portal United States portal. Almost a century later, in , George Catlin estimated the Sioux as up to 50, people, and mentioned that they had just lost approx. Archived from the original PDF on April 29, Retrieved May 8, United States Census Bureau.

December Smithsonian Magazine. Hill and Wang. ISBN X. Journal of American History. JSTOR Rotting Face: Smallpox and the American Indian 1st ed. University of Nebraska Press. ISBN Journal of Genocide Research. ISSN S2CID Whites are not having children, and they are killing themselves with drugs and such. Separately, many Latinos are mostly white. So, perhaps survival is possible if whites insist on marrying other whites while being friendly to nonwhites. Jews, of course, believe they can just marry other Jews and so endure in a diverse polity. It is frightening how focused US society currently is on white extinction. People say to fear the Chinese, Arabs, Afghans, etc.

No foreign group seems to want our extinction like the powerful here want. What are they fighting for? They want some cause to serve, but there is no cause. As a race, whites look like monkeys currently. And then you come to odd corners of the Internet to find people proclaiming how superior they are. What are we superior in again? We might become like the Jews. And Jews are insane to wipe us out. No one is going to worship them as whites have, unless Jews think they can just intermarry with a different race. People got sick of hearing whites talk of how superior they claimed to be. If whites can just not be monkeys, we might be able to survive. Social Darwinism. People got sick of that nonsense. Even I got sick of it. We were behaving like monkeys. And the liberalism whites praised as ours, WASP liberalism, empowers bad elites.

Our history is full of warnings against wealth gaps, harmful culture, bad government, etc. When I was in Georgia doing contractual work for the airlines, the amount of pretty White girls I saw with the blackest, greasiest, most simian looking black guys utterly shocked me. Red States need their own national capitol, currency, borders and even stock market. There will be challenges aplenty with such an arrangement but on a smaller, more manageable scale. I need to wrap up commenting at Unz before I lose a week doing it, but as I recall secession had been discussed but intentionally left out of the Constitution. So, it was not a forgotten or overlooked issue.

But I hope everyone here will recongise the need to focus on the future, realpolitik. I just want their children to learn my history, my culture as part of their education. I mean to say, our culture is healthier. There are a great many different groups today. Mike Tuggle became a writer. He probably reaches more people today than he used to. That might be a constructive action, focusing on the culture as he does. He also practices a martial art, Okinawan I believe. The rest of the continent, shore-to-shore subnormal. I read enough about your place of birth, and also sick of a much lower concentration of orcs.

However, the great virus mass-delusion has made them, though not their progeny, largely disappear here. From my distant and never having been there perspective, any idea of secession has two main problems. Not that being a redneck is a bad thing because my ancestors are rednecks or what I call flatland hillbillies from Georgia. I saw more snuff dipping dudes up there than I did when I lived in the town of Albany, Georgia. I can talk about the Yankee vs. As for the back stabbing Southerners that someone mentioned, is backstabbing more prominent in the South than in the North? Backstabbers in each community. Southern Georgia has some pretty square deal, man of their word type of people, salt of the earth type of people, while here in Northern Georgia you have plenty of back stabbing Yankees in the Atlanta area and backstabbing mountain folk above Atlanta who were born and raised right here in Georgia.

Southerners have a bad habit up here in the JawJuh mountains of giving lip service to something they never have any intention of doing while the people in upstate New Yawk were pretty true to their word if they said they were going to do something. Well as I mentioned, some of the dumbest people that I have ever met in my life were Yankees. And the posters saying that Southerners just go silent when the J word is mentioned is right about that, but Southerners whether they be Southern Baptist, Pentecostal, or Methodist do fawn over Jews.

My father worked with a great deal of ex-Southerners who worked for General Motors, a great many from Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee. I watched the Yankee do his share of ruining Florida. When in Rome. But Southern states are not a separate nation. Their ratio of blacks to Whites is much higher than that of most other states and getting higher all of the time. This represents one of the most intractable problems faced by would-be secessionists there. Move over Jeff Davis and Alex Stephens. President of the newly arisen south should be none other than Dame Lindsey Graham of Central SC……every noveau reb could get behind literally Lindsey.

Veep is another obvious choice….. Of course, the newly arisen south needs a dollop of enlightenment and neo-liberal diversity so the honorable Lloyd Austin of Mobile Al could replace the military fuckup, Rob E. Of course the yids need representation also, so the inauguratioin music could be provided by Kinky Friedman of Austin and his Texas Jewboys. The newly arisen flag could be glittering stars on rainbow bars…….. The South will never rise again and America no longer even exists… both were destroyed by the Jewish Immigration Act of sometimes called the Hart-Celler Act.

We now labor under Jewish tyranny. I have enjoyed many of the posts here today , the Southern commenters along with the Northerners got to teach some valid history. When you mentioned Donbass in east Ukraine I had to add that they have taken on the Southern battle flag but removed the stars and made the bars a lighter blue. I was very happy to see that happen, as there are Americans that are living and fighting for Donbas. Hello Texas in Donbas! I want to ask southern states supporting people, what do you think of Cold Mountain, not the stupid film, but the novel? I read it twice.

The History Channel is filled with deep twisted alterations of history. The Dead Sea scrolls are a mixture of old documents that were hidden in a number of caves to be found and used to support the establishment of Israel, a country intended for Jews only. Great song, needs polishing up a bit, but a diamond in the rough. I can hear a rap version of that song also. Many people from down south are staunch evangelicals with unwavering support for Israel along with a penchant for subsidizing the luxury lifestyles of the profit preachers who promote it.

The nukes question actually works to our advantage. Red states and blue states both have nukes, effectively keeping an extended civil war from occurring or a foreign nation from invading. In a Secession scenario, we would no longer chained to the federal mafia and its judiciary stooges. Do you want your sons and grandsons, and perhaps soon your daughters and granddaughters to be not only victims of rampant insecurity but to serve as cannon fodders for warmongers and war profiteers? A White European should not join the US army. If you ever feel that Washington wants to re-establish the draft, go back to your country of origin; start preparations now, just in case.

Maybe the secession vote from Britain. The first Southern state to vote for independence was South Carolina. All areas of the state voted for secessionists candidates to the Secession Convention. All delegates were secessionists. Unionists in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana reacted to loosing so badly in South Carolina that they dropped the union slate entirely, replacing it with Co-operative Secessionists. Co-operative Secessionists were for all the the Southern states seceding in unison. The idea was that it would slow the secession process until it ran out of steam.

The six deep South states voted easily for independence except for Mississippi which was controlled by the conservative slave owners in the Delta area. Mississippi did vote for independence but it was a battle. In addition to secessionists winning handily over unionists in Tennessee, Texas, Arkansas, North Carolina and Virginia in the Conventions- conventions were the legal vehicle for secession- these states also held plebiscites directly on independence. The city of Richmond voted for secession and just three 3 against. Right dab in the middle between Tampa and Orlando is Lakeland, and per capita that place is the worst I have ever seen for Black male-White female couples.

While whites fled to the suburbs orcs turned beautiful cities into crime filled hellholes. Short answer: no. It keeps losing the culture war in recent years. Southern sates cowardly removed the Southern banner from their flags. Losers are what losers do. If the South were to secede from the Union and became a sovereign state, both the north and south would be united in their total subservience to the Jews.

And just as our European lapdogs obediently join America in fighting wars for the Jews, secession of the south would add another powerful Jewish lobby to consolidate the Jewish occupation of our country. Split away, kick out the shit tier people, and focus the collective resources of the new country into getting the hell off Clown World Earth. Establish colonies in space and, once self sufficient, use kinetic energy weapons asteroids to pulp the surface of the Earth into guacamole to remove the reamining useless kruft of the human race, and then repopulate.

Reduce the cost per kilogram to orbit by an order of magnitude or two. Make space cheap and everything else is just basic engineering problems. And, indeed, the day will come when nobody remembers or even cares anymore, because mere survival will be at the top of the menu, up to that day far into the future when they have the time and means to contemplate. And thus the cycle continues. Growing up between N and S, one learns that there are unspoken understandings that northerners arrive at and that they act upon together, and it is both the first unconscious and later conscious inability, then refusal, to acknowledge this northern unspokenness — that inevitably leads to southern undoing.

What is one to make of it? In any case — this is the very most help I can give you — to say what northerners know, and act upon, but will never say:. So — wherever you come from on this — wherever — if, you, care — shut up, put away your keyboard, and get behind Texas, being able to be Texas. Vallandigham of Ohio, after Vallandigham — a fierce opponent of the Morrill tariff — protested imposition of an income tax at a Democratic Party meeting in Ohio; and shutting down hundreds of Northern newspapers.

This is a most valuable, a most sacred right; a right which we hope and believe is to liberate the world. Nor is this right connected to cases in which the whole people of an existing government, may choose to exercise it. Any portion of such people that can, may revolutionize, and make their own, of so much territory as they inhabit. They fought because their homeland was attacked. In States which still adhered to the Union a military despotism has displaced the civil power and the laws became silent amid arms.

Free speech and almost free thought became a crime. The right to the writ of habeas corpus, guaranteed by the Constitution, disappeared at the nod of a Secretary of State or a general of the lowest grade. The mandate of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court was set at naught by the military power, and this outrage on common right approved by a President sworn to support the Constitution. Obeying the dictates of prudence and providing for the general safety and welfare, confident of the rectitude of their intentions and true to the obligations of duty and honour, they accept the issue thus forced upon them, unite their fortunes now and forever with those of the Confederate States, and take up arms for the common cause, and with entire confidence in the justice of that cause and with a firm reliance upon Divine Providence, will resolutely abide the consequences.

The governors of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and New York reported that they could not enforce the draft without , troops in each state. Violent opposition struck in Wisconsin and Michigan. Four thousand Pennsylvanians refused to march south. But you can set them up on farms growing grain for sale to the South as well as accessing the mineral wealth of the west. There were , freedmen in the South in They were freemen because they were emancipated, by Southerners. Indeed, if emancipation was the end to be desired, the dispersion of the negroes over a wider area among additional Territories, eventually to become States, and in climates unfavorable to slave labor, instead of hindering, would have promoted this object by diminishing the difficulties in the way of ultimate emancipation.

It is interesting to note in this connection that this is the only proposed and not ratified amendment to the Constitution to have been signed by the President. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following article be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which, when ratified by three-fourths of said Legislatures, shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as part of the said Constitution, viz: No amendment shall be made to the Constitution which will authorize or give to Congress the power to abolish or interfere, within any State, with the domestic institutions thereof, including that of persons held to labor or service by the laws of said State.

The memory of the Jeffersonians of the North should also be preserved. You can find both of those north of the Mason Dixon line as well. People take things a bit slow here, but as far as culture, not much of a difference at all. Mass consumerism, rap, etc can all be found here. The massive influx of Yankees are partly to blame, but the yankee monopoly on mass media has done the majority of the damage. At this point, this bickering about the adverse effects of the Civil War are a grand waste of time. What done is done. Besides we have the new waves of mestizos to contend with, along with a new influx of Central Asians. Bickering among ourselves is pointless.

We live in a cultural vacuum that is going to be filled up with quite a few new cultures. We get what we deserve. The almighty dollar became the national culture, and we went along with it. Piss off Yankee troll. Blacks revel in destroying White history because they have none themselves. They are a people with no past and no future. They have no idea where they came from other than a vague notion of being African. Most of them are bastards. Their last names mean nothing. Thank you for writing what I know to be true but could never put into words as beautifully as he has done. Thats it? That is your tactic? You have no argument, or many that have been discredited so you surrender with a blanket statement predicated upon what evidence?

Because I see nothing to pride in that. Check out Rev. Whereupon your great-grandfather starved. Hank Williams Jr. When I lived and worked in Ohio for 12 years, I saw a quiet, passive aggression against Southerners like myself. It was especially bad in the rust belt area of Youngstown! A very good article that should not be discarded. Who are we if not the sons of our fathers? Were our fathers and our ancestors wrong thinkers? Not at all. Today our children are the product of the media.

So what is the media? It is the spawn of Edward Bernays. Homeschool the children. It fell into the maws of a Jewish trap. The trap was laid in earnest via the Kansas-Nebraska Act. The Wily Jews in London who owned American Industry through front men proxies knew it would develop into a bitter war. And it did, in Kansas, as the two sides, who hated niggers equally, fought over whether they should be used as farm equipment or sent back to The Heart Of Darkness.

A terribly bitter war broke out over this issue in Kansas. The Jews in London, the Money Power, using their Goy puppets in Whitehall, have known for centuries how to get the designated victim to fire the first shots, in a war dreamed up and planned in The City. It proceeded magnificently, and within a few short years Beauregard was bombarding Fort Sumpter, and the big war was on. The Money Power had a lot of men on both sides, well paid, trying to start this fratricidal war.

Some Yankees commiting outrageous provocations aimed at creating a secession, other Yankees in Washington selling Southern States weapons within weeks of the first battles. And the Masonic Knights of the Golden Circle, that dominated the secession movement, who was paying them? Someone was! Starting that war was a difficult operation. But with their centuries of experience, unlimited resources, control of newspapers north and south they succeeded.

The South fell into the trap and was destroyed. Of course it can. The same people are pushing us in that direction. They would love for the South to fall again secede. Then their military could complete the genocide they obviously want. Nothing has been done. Prepare a ten year plan of armament. If you want a war, at least prepare for it. The crazies would not listen. It is almost as if their paychecks depended upon immediate secession. I think that was exactly the case. Timing is everything. Timing and preparation. Now that the empire is beginning to unravel, do NOT give them a cause they can all rally around genociding the secesh.

Let the empire fail. Let the dollar fail. Wait for them to lose the next big war. When it is all in tatters, then begin daintily suggesting some kind of limited autonomy. Freedom, real freedom, comes in bits and pieces. It needs men with wisdom and tact to negotiate, not fire-eaters. Men who understand that the years were a total failure for the South, and should in NO WAY be a model for our future. Versus the Southern practice of exploiting slave labor? Not paying them? Give us a hint. Thus those most vested in slavery, who profited most, were insulated from fighting for it? All for incestuous trade with estranged Mother Britain despite hard-fought revolutionary separation?

Commodities raised and harvested by slave-labor? They invited kin easily excited to war cannon fodder to protect their interests. And you allege Northern corruption? The South collapsed of its rotten fruit, selling-out valiant fighters fielded by slave-owner plutocrats your admission. The good news is that the Texas Taliban led by little cripple Abbot will continue to lead lemmings to self-destruction, just as in recent power failures, COVID infections and gun violence. It really takes a leader, after all, to invite all over the edge. A lot easier than remedies. There are many, but why boast?

Heritage and history are wonderful things. Why not book tickets back to where you came from? Thank You for your perspective. Irreconcilable differences are genuine and universal. Two people make a solemn vow. And still, we imagine that all races, beliefs, ideologies, practices, etc… can find common ground and live in harmony. That is not only unrealistic, it is undesirable. The Nation that has attempted to be everything for everyone, now has no meaning for anyone. The naivete and niceness is what keeps the Midwest from being a unified White homeland. Unfortunately, they seem to have an attitude that exudes a sort of moral superiority that I believe comes from having been on the winning side.

Sadly, you find that in a lot of places where there is White homogeneity. Take your shots, wear your masque, and go back to ordering grub hub, Bub. The more you stay indoors, the less the public has to be plagued with the likes of you. If it were, one of every three people that you know would be dead. But, never let a chance to frighten germophobic, hypochondriacs into their bubbles go to waste.

You appear to know nothing of the absolute squalor that Northern immigrant work forces toiled and lived in. Rat infested, disease ridden, overcrowded tenements. A work force that was as expendable as it was readily replaceable. Working twelve hour days, seven days a week, in dangerous conditions, life expectancies were frequently cut short. You also know absolutely nothing about the institution of Slavery. You would never believe how many Slaves had a genuine affection for the people who had held them in bondage. There were many who stayed on, by choice, with their former Masters. Working from sun up to sun down, Monday through Friday, with an hour break during the afternoon. A half day on Saturday with Sundays off. This was normal for everyone, including the small farmers and those with a handful of slaves that worked beside them in the fields.

Slaves on the larger Plantations often had better homes, had more variety in their meals, and lived longer than the average White person. So many, wealthy, prominent, and propertied Men went to fight, and so many died, it became necessary to exempt some of them from service to maintain food and material production on the home front. If you look at the rosters of Southern Generals and Soldiers, you will find the cream of Southern Society listed among them. The same cannot be said of men like Theordore Roosevelt Sr.

The Republic was born, nurtured, and grew immensely during his lifetime. Prior to , Texas was sparsely populated. It took Settlers of his caliber to tame the land. Texas was bought and paid for by the blood of my ancestors. Who, or what, can you lay claim to? The Southern Culture, although, largely dormant, is still alive. I do my best to exemplify it on a daily basis. That modern influences have altered it, is unquestionable. Yet, there remains a deep down, heartfelt and soulful connection to the past that is present in every Southerner who chooses to embrace it. There are still ensembles who are playing the music that my ancestors would have been familiar with, and it is of a very different character than what passes as Country today.

It hearkens back to the old World, and to colonizers and settlers. What has been lost, I seek to recapture. As long as I am alive, then a remnant of the past remains. If I can pass what I have learned on to someone younger than myself, then I have done a small part to preserve our history. If more Southern Men begin to seek to emulate their forebears, then we always have a chance to reclaim our identity. They are the ones who continue to chastise the South for Slavery, Jim Crow, Segregation etc… Northerners invaded us, dispossessed us, impoverished us, and then laughed because we were poor.

They practiced their own form of segregation, coded and disguised by legal machinations. Whereas, Southerners were straight forward and honest about their discriminatory practices. Northern and Southern Soldiers were able to make peace after the War, because a mutual, but often grudging, respect developed between them. Where is the reciprocation today? Northerners, by and large, disdain the Old South, and are quite frequently sanctimonious in their attitudes toward us.

And, like their Granddaddies, they still insist that we join with them in their folly. The battle has never stopped raging, it only took a brief respite while we acquired an empire of commonwealths and protectorates, and fought a couple of World Wars. It is the South that is, and always has been, under attack. We merely wanted to be left alone. Demographics are destiny. The South is being deluged with folks from Latin America. Within ten years, the South will look more like Texas than West Virginia. Georgia, Virginia, Florida, and North Carolina are already purple well on their way to blue.

With White Americans experiencing demographic collapse, the South will disappear unless White Americans start raising families again. Great men such as Lee, Jackson, Forrest, and Davis are being erased from public places. As Mr Cathey so aptly stated:. The newcomers to the South do not care about the traditions, faith, or history of the region they now inhabit. White Americans must fight to conserve their heritage. Removing your children from public schools would be a good start. I take pen in hand to complain about my Piece. After months of assiduous care and maintenance of the Weapon M it failed to function at a critical moment endangering my life and the lives of other men in this Company.

Last night, at hours [3 A. To my chagrin, the weapon misfired. This anonymous letter is in the Congressional Record and,ipso facto,a significant part of Big History. That G. In the Northeast people rioted to prevent forced integration. George Wallace received millions of votes. Whites in the North fought like hell to stop the evil feds from destroying neighborhoods and cities.

Whatever our past differences, regional, religious or historical, we have to put them aside now, and in the future, to preserve our race and build a homeland for our descendants. The Battle for Richmond was a bloody affair with true warriors on both sides, if we can come together as many of those men did after the War Between the States, we can preserve our people. A lot. We risked our lives to comfort your casualties. Actually, it would seem that you are agreeing with me.

Yankees wanted to keep their neighborhoods segregated, while insisting that we integrate ours. Abraham Lincoln had to argue for hours after putting the Emancipation Proclamation into effect, trying to assure Congress that the Northern climate would dissuade Negroes from moving there. After the War, these same Yankees continually boasted of freeing the Slaves and preserving the Union. Regrettably, the Southern Men, following the War, became tools for the U. This type of indoctrination was, for many decades, effectively countered by the Soldiers, Wives, Widows, Sons and Daughters, who had personal experiences with the malicious destruction and avaricious thievery that had accompanied the Federal Army wherever it trod.

The fact the George Wallace got millions of Votes, is clear evidence that the Southern People had not been subverted yet. Prior to that, it was still cause for being ostracized by your peers. It was the generation immediately following mine that morphed into Whigroes. As odd as it may seem to an outsider, there used to be some very good friendships between Slaves and their Masters, relationships that extended far after the War was over and until one or the other was deceased. Even then, fond reminiscences found their way into publication from both former Slave Owners and Freedmen. Booker T. Washington, in the first decade of the Twentieth Century, wrote of having long since ceased to harbor any ill will towards the people who had held him in bondage.

He observed that the Negro in The South, at the dawn of the New Century, was in a better condition morally, physically, mentally, and spiritually, than any of his contemporaries anywhere in any part of the World. He wrote of the benefits offered by the English Language and Christianity. He also warned of Negroes who would seek profit and aggrandizement by exploiting past grievances and injustice. The building burned in , but the stained glass survived. Are Southerners Saintly or Faultless? Absolutely Not! Thank You. I still remember when most Vietnam Vets were bitter and felt betrayed. Not as much by the Citizenry, or Protesters, but by the Government. Now, these once disgruntled Veterans are now proudly sporting their Vietnam Caps and Bumper Stickers.

Penal Colonies. At this time, we still surround them. The current ideology is more smell-based than thought-based. Wokery is a form of odorology. Mass media work on the senses and often bypass reason and logic. This thread just exploded suddenly, after sitting virtually unnoticed for nearly three weeks. I saw your posts this morning, but I had to leave before I could respond.

When I returned, there was a tumult of comments, many directed at me. I largely agree with you, there may be some minor points of contention. Lee in Richmond could be removed. The murder and destruction continues, only in a less conspicuous fashion. We are Murdered by the descendants of Freedmen, just as we were by the Union League after Reconstruction; until the Klan, Red Shirts and other vigilance committees reigned it in. The destruction is nonstop, as schools are renamed and transformed into juvenile delinquent detention centers that no self respecting Southerner would want their names associated with any longer, anyway.

Our Statues are dismantled, plaques removed, murals painted over, and our literature thrown in the garbage by libraries that deem it unsuitable material for their readers to peruse. Nothing can be over, if it is kept alive by the very attempts to eradicate it. In fact, a lot of sectional feeling, personal interest, and intellectual curiosity has been rekindled and fueled by the mad frenzy of demolition. Wallace got millions of votes in the North, not just the South.

Only if the Palefaces stand together do we have a chance. Are you really unable to see that? Now, you have senile old Joe and his V. I think most people, like me, just thought of his candidacy as a bad joke. Marco, Little Ricky, Cubio should go help liberate Cuba. I have no use for him or Ted Cruz. Linthy Gwaham, the lisping faggot is despised by most of the people that I know.

But, he keeps getting elected. Bad Habits and the only choice offered by the Republicuck party? Who knows? My guess is that you make an excellent General from the comfort of your La-Z-Boy. When this happens, our Confederate Flags will be seen by many in the North as it is viewed by those in Eastern Europe; where our Battle Flags often make appearances during protests and is universally emblematic to opposition to tyranny. Maybe, this is already occurring. When Hank Williams Jr. If the U. How in the fuck do you think the fucking JEW got us into this mess in the first place?

By polarizing and spellbinding everybody with a grand buffet of boiling mindless hate and rage, something for everybody, and here you are playing right into their hands. Shame on all of you! Good one! Oh, thanks for the rip-snorter, bud, I needed it. The world is secretly ruled by… Wakanda! It is hippy gen. Freedom of speech is a pillar supporting the USA as the beacon of freedom, human rights and democracy of the world. Blaming Jew as the culprit of polarizing and spellbinding everybody with a grand buffet of boiling mindless hate and rage is suppressing freedom of speech and turning off the beacon of freedom, human rights and democracy of the world.

Northerners are a lot less obsessed with college sports. The situation never got nearly as out of control as what happened in the South, mostly because Northern boosters are less fanatical about their college football teams. So your broader point is mostly correct. Sports cuckery definitely exists up to North, often to an extreme degree. The situation is not good. However, sending your college-aged daughter to have sex with blacks is still too much for the fathers here. With that said, I do agree that the North is pretty bad too. Northern men and some women are not exempt from my above criticism. I think living vicariously through mostly Black athletes is an issue that afflicts mostly White men throughout North America. If a bunch of protesters were trying to permanently shut down football stadiums, I guarantee you that White Southern men would protest and riot.

Until that happens, no football for anyone. This monkey, as well as the vast majority of American niggers, knows as much about the US Civil War as a 10 year old Japanese child. He had a shit ton more German and Irish immigrants to toss into his ill-advised meat grinders after that fiasco. The average White male is totally ignorant about the H1b visa program. Which QB has the best passing rating. Which offensive formation is most effective against a West Coast defense. On these topics, his encyclopedic knowledge and insightful analysis will truly impress you. The Jews are obsessed with ruling the world.

The Chinese are obsessed with dominating the global economy. The Muslims are obsessed with fighting Jihad literally everywhere. Then the other 4 days are spent watching ESPN and listening to sports radio. I have guys in my office who spend their lunch hour reading through sites that predict which high school athlete will be recruited by which university. Such sports. It becomes more amusing when see how almost all of these White male sports fans are unathletic, out-of-shape, flabby, weak, and lethargic.

I should mention a large fraction of these guys probably over half are Republican. With a huge Black population, the South is basically cursed in perpetuity. In the absence of White ethno-solidarity, the long-term future of the place is Brazil. No other part of America has the same demographic problem. Whenever the Black population gets too large anywhere, civilization collapses.

Though I do oppose ALL immigration. And of course they toppled a statue of some nigger loving Swede Union officer last year, who our boys shot down at Chickamauga. Are you high? Do you live in a little cabin on an island in the Canadian arctic? You better clock out and tell your boss there in Herzliya you need to quit the Hasbara racket and open a felafel stand. I think that you have some kind of sick fantasies about Negroids and Southern White Women.

That this kind of thing occurs is sad enough, but for you to take such satisfaction from it is very telling about how you spend your free time. I find miscegenation to be among the greatest threats to our survival. Statues are coming down everywhere, not just in The South. Pat Buchanan was predicting this twenty years ago. Not a God Damned Thing! Our Heroes!!! They were trained to parachute behind enemy lines and disrupt communications and blow up bridges. But, those Women have to be among the toughest adversaries that they ever had to face. Those Bastards Deserved to Die in Vietnam! Regrettably, most of them had probably mustered out by that time. California is better place to live? I wish you would tell all the people coming here from California that. If he wants the info, I pointed him in the right direction.

The issue for me is that politics can get very complicated. Many here are probably libertarians or rainbow Confederates. Others are racial Confederates. Jumping into an issue like this is complicated. But to take the correct position among so many different groups is much more difficult. Brits have collapsed faster than probably any group in history. And the solution for most of them is to do the same thing.

This was, originally, a British country. The Louisiana Purchase and other changes happened of course. Lee is considered by many Generals to be the greatest strategist of them all. President Lincoln wanted him to command the North, in which case the war would have been over in one day. Robert E. Lee instead chose the other side because of his great love of Virginia, and except for Gettysburg, would have won the war. The south rising into the old plantation slave based economy disconnected from the modern world like it was years ago would be a considerable undertaking since most of the people that reside in the the former rebel states are northerners, foreign immigrants and blacks.

But you date from ? Have problems with numbers and chronology? Doubtless your ancestral signatory was a brave man, but he was a century later that real pioneers , Doubtless, like you, he was not above trying to rewrite history good luck. Your people followed a century later, and good for them! Much better than shoveling manure where ever they were before! Cold Mountain was gifted to me on my 30th bday. I was pretty miffed about that. So anyway years later i was searching for something to read and i picked up and read it in one sitting.

Maybe or so pp. At least The book was sad. People had to live that. Real people that were just trying to survive. It was the end of an old way of life and just left at that i believe. Frazier is a good writer tho. At any rate, he founded a town, my Great x 4 Grandfather helped found a Nation. The Land remained sparsely populated for years, because those that came before were unable to defeat the Indians that dominated the interior of Texas. The French were under constant threat from the Spanish and never got out of the Piney Woods. In fact, the Frogs seem to have developed a pathetic propensity for getting their butts kicked for at least over a Century now.

The Spaniards tiny villas were regularly besieged by the Apache and Comanche. The Spanish Government was unable to persuade Mexicans to move North in spite of large land grants. So, they appealed to the citizens of the United States, offering them lucrative incentives to settle in the hostile territory. Shortly after the Mexicans gained their Independence from Spain, they felt confident that the Anglos had carved out enough suitable space and they figured that they would simply dispossess them. It was the Men who were bold enough to move out onto the plains that forged The Republic of Texas. Your great-great-great-etc. Kintes then arrived in what would become the USA, only to mooch off Uncle Sucker and blame Bigfoot for their endless failings. Keep killing each other in Chicongo, Aferguson, Baltimoor, etc.

There is a reverse migration going on now. If I continue to allow bygones to be bygones, in the name of Racial Solidarity, while Yankees that moved to Richmond, and some on this thread, continue to celebrate the destruction of our Statues, then, what do I have left? Who is being divisive? Me, or the people who want to keep stepping on me? They just go back home. This old SNL Skit precisely depicts the type of obnoxious Yankee personality that makes them so unwelcome. And, just like that unwanted guest, they are completely oblivious to their inconsideration, rudeness, and pomposity. I stopped reciting The Pledge of Allegiance after I learned that the Socialist who wrote it, Francis Bellamy, based it on the oath that the Southern People were required to take repeatedly.

You know what it really is, cowtown? You love to hate yankees so much because you CAN. Back before your easy target was southern negroes, but any more blacks have powerful defenders in high places. After all, yankees are WHITE so therefore anybody can openly hate them all they want with total impunity. Most of them grew up in the lily White suburbs and went to expensive schools. I have to give you that. Me, a Bully? Of a student body of over 2,, there were approximately 40 White kids in the whole school. I was frequently the only White pupil in the classroom. I fought to sit on the bus and to get out of the bathroom, in the hallways, and while trying to walk home.

So, I do know a little bit about bullying. The Mexicans were all Cholos and Chicanos, I got along with them fairly well. They used to drive around the school in their Impalas and Monte Carlos and bounce up and down at the stop sign. They wore chinos and white t-shirts, and some of them wore Zoot Suits. After lunch, the homeless people would come and eat from the trashcans in front of the school.

It took her a long time to shed some of her liberal attitudes; long after I was grown. Constant, daily reminders of my ethnicity are what kept me firmly grounded in reality. And, pray tell, why are they tearing things up? To show solidarity with Negroes and Jews. Those Southern White people that defend White history or those self loathing, Northern Whites that are Hell bent on eradicating it? What I am is a relentless defender of myself, my ancestry, and my home. When I was in public school, half black school, the one black who got into the top classes with the whites got accepted into Harvard.

There were fights daily at the school overall, and the teachers had to struggle to control the lower classes. It was a mess. School is just daycare anyway; students learn little, waste time. From what I understand, the flag is based on the Imperial Russian Navy. Any who respect the South are friends by me. Im angry at the decline of the West. But Dr Wilson is an American treasure. Just as Russians are confused and angry about the past, so am I. I side with both sides in Ukraine. I want fighting to end. I like Putin but not Bolshevism. I wish you well.

Both sides here are killing me, because they are both right! My favorite:. Like Archie Bunker! I agree, and I used to identify as as a northerner! But it gets much more complicated. The southern evangelical leadership whores and churches condemed them to most of their current woes. I think you gentleman have your work cut out for you. But just remember, across the Earth there are still people who regard this song as one of their favourites:. Look away! Away down south in Dixie! I know your lot extremely well, and yeah, here in this space you are absolutely a bunch of bullies emboldened by power of numbers.

Rural Southern whites are still to this day a startling time capsule of British colonial society and England before it: extremely insular and xenophobic, and petty. They could be the most ardent liberal-despising White Nationalist within miles, longing with all their hearts to join your cause, and you lot will use THAT to socially sabotage them, to drive them off. Ratting them out to blacks and management to get them fired, for example.

They were in the South first, dating back to the colonial era. When it comes to deception and manipulation, they have no equals.

Tuckabatchee Micco suggested to Hitchcock in that the original seven people who descended from the sky had with them the Chief Tecumseh: The Mistreatment Of Native Americans when they descended see myth MT1. In Chief Tecumseh: The Mistreatment Of Native Americans other regions, the women were in charge of most agriculture, including Chief Tecumseh: The Mistreatment Of Native Americans the land. Any who respect the South are friends by me. Some tribes have begun requiring genealogical DNA testing of individuals' applying for membership, but this is usually Chief Tecumseh: The Mistreatment Of Native Americans to an individual's SPCTR 1: Self-Fulfilling Prophecy parentage or direct descent from Chief Tecumseh: The Mistreatment Of Native Americans certified member.

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