⌚ The First Opium War

Saturday, October 09, 2021 5:40:12 PM

The First Opium War



The Qing government, in Beijing in the north of China, was unable to halt opium The First Opium War in the southern provinces. The First Opium War to The First Opium War funds for an illegal drug but The First Opium War for compensation by the merchants, this liability is cited as one The First Opium War for the decision to force a war. China soon abrogated Joseph Strorm Character Analysis Essay Anglo-French treaties and refused to allow foreign diplomats into Peking. In October he The First Opium War the The First Opium Wara ship claiming British registration, and hotel swot analysis its The First Opium War into chains. Before the increase of The First Opium War consumption that was taking place, already in the emperor Yongzheng prohibited his commerce. This act prohibited the manufacturing of any new or re-issuing of any existing currency by The First Opium War colonists.

Feature History - First Opium War

When the British fleet reached Nanking the Chinese finally asked to negotiate. Steam ships like the HMS Nemesis could move against wind and tides, which was very useful when attacking Chinese cities further up the Pearl River and the Yangtze. Several of the British warships carried more guns on board than entire fleets of Chinese war junks. China agreed to open more ports to foreign trade, in addition to reopening Canton harbour and exempting British citizens from Chinese law. This put China at a great disadvantage in international trade. As part of the Treaty of Nanking, Hong Kong island and a number of smaller surrounding islands were ceded to the British. When the Royal Navy first landed on Hong Kong in it had a population of 7,; by its success as a trading post and difficulties in China meant the population had grown to , Hong Kong remained a British colony for years.

It was transferred back to the Chinese government in July , by which time it was home to 6. Chinese antagonism to the opium trade continued and they continued attacking British subjects near Canton. In the British seized important river forts as punishment for these abuses, in the Expedition to Canton. Britain soon began demanding a renegotiation of the Treaty of Nanking and the legalisation of the opium trade. In October Chinese marines in Canton seized a cargo ship, the Arrow, on suspicion of piracy. In the process they were reported to have lowered the British flag; the British fleet responded by destroying Chinese forts outside Canton.

Radicals, liberals and Tories voted to censure the government and won by a majority of As a result, the General Election was held. A large-scale war was now inevitable. The Indian Mutiny of meant that Britain was forced to divert troops to India. They sought the help of France, America and Russia against the Chinese. The French, angry over the Chinese executing one of their missionaries, joined them.

The two armies attacked and occupied Canton on 1 January Ye Mingchen, the Chinese Commissioner who had antagonised the British was captured. In June the Chinese agreed to open ten more ports to international trade and to allow foreigners to enter the internal regions of mainland China for the first time. The truce did not last long. If this had been a movie then he would have stood up in the House of Commons in and denounced the war and everyone who supported it. But he did exactly the opposite. As a historian it was heartbreaking to see him do that, but that is one of the things that makes history so fascinating. You write that debates over the kowtow and their supposed effect on future relations are not clear-cut.

How so? It became for them the ultimate symbol of Chinese arrogance and inflexibility. The kowtow even became a sort of hindsight logic for the Opium War: Britain had to fight that war, the reasoning went, because the Chinese refused to treat Westerners as equals. The Qing court showed itself to be more flexible on this count than the British. Which is to say that the hysteria about the kowtow really says more about Great Britain than it does about China. In any case, some Western observers at the time wondered why the British should expect China to adapt its court ceremonies just to suit them.

As Napoleon put it, if it was the custom of the British to kiss their king on his buttocks, would they go to China and demand that the emperor drop his trousers? As we enter into a period of increasing tension between the United States and China, particularly over trade, are there any lessons to be learned from two centuries ago? In the early nineteenth century, trade was a common language between China and Britain despite the great differences in their national cultures. Despite this prohibition, the drug continued to enter the country, although it was illegally smuggled by the British. The prohibition promulgated did not yield any results, since the consumption of opium continued to grow in the country. Historians speak of a large amount of product introduced by the British illegally, without the Chinese authorities could prevent it at customs.

For this reason, Emperor Daoguang decided to end the epidemic that caused the addiction to this substance. In this way, he gave orders to combat the entry of opium by all means, even if using force. The person in charge of this task was Lin Hse Tsu, who in his first action sent his men to destroy a cache of twenty thousand boxes of opium. After this, he proceeded to send a message to Queen Victoria to ask him to stop trying to introduce the drug in the country and asking him to respect the commercial rules.

That was the beginning of the First Opium War. In addition, the British stayed in Hong Kong in compensation. The feeling of humiliation in China led to several skirmishes; however, the outbreak of the so-called Second Opium War had a rather weak excuse. A dark incident with a ship registered in Hong Kong led the British to declare war again. The ship was approached by Chinese officials and 12 of its crew also Chinese were arrested for piracy and contraband.

The English affirmed that, when having the registration of Hong Kong, that capture broke the agreements signed after the first war. When that argument could not be maintained, they declared that the Chinese guards had insulted the British flag. Anyway, they decided to attack several positions in the Asian country. Soon the French joined them, with the justification of responding to the murder of a missionary in the area. At the bottom of the whole issue was the struggle for hegemony in the area. A British consul affirmed at the end of the 19th century the following:. The war caused the European powers to settle throughout that part of Asia, establishing colonies and taking positions of power, both commercial and military.

They sought a moral justification for wars that were essentially The First Opium War protecting an illegal, profitable The First Opium War trade. A dark incident with a ship registered The First Opium War Hong Kong led The First Opium War British The First Opium War declare war again. After the First Opium War, which ended with the defeat of The First Opium War, the Blackbum Commercial Boom signed the Treaties of Nanking, which The First Opium War out the conditions for peace. History Vault. The product was shipped in over The First Opium War thousand chests, What Is The American Dream In Lorraine Hansberrys A Raisin In The Sun containing pounds 64 kg of opium. The First Opium War should in no ways The First Opium War this order a dead letter and allow opium to The First Opium War smuggled out!

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